Mature Size: 20 to 30 feet in height and 6 to 12 inches in diameter; rarely may reach 50 feet in height.
Form: Short trunk and crooked, twisting branches forming an uneven crown; small, stiff dead branches commonly present.
Habitat: Most common on heavy clay or dry gravelly or sandy upland soils.
Alternate, simple, 4 to 8 inches long, leathery, usually broader at the end than at the base, with 3 large lobes; often described as "bell-shaped;" undersides brownish or orangish and quite hairy.
Males in 2 to 4 inch long hanging catkins; females small, single or paired.
¾ inch oblong acorn, often striped, half covered by a thick, scaly cup.
Rough, very dark (often nearly black), broken into small, hard rectangular blocks.
Blackjack oak is not valuable as a timber species, but it is sometimes used for charcoal, firewood and occasionally for railroad ties. The acorns are eaten by wildlife.
The presence of blackjack oak is said to indicate poor soil.